By Abraham Mendis Gunasekara
Excerpt from A accomplished Grammar of the Sinhalese Language: tailored for using English Readers and Prescribed for the Civil provider Examinations
HE absence of a finished Grammar of the Sinhalese Language fitted to the necessities of English readers recommended to me a few years in the past the desirability of getting ready this type of paintings.
The manuscript was once accomplished in June, 1885. In 1888 sanction used to be acquired for its being revealed on the Govern ment Press. considering that then a variety of explanations have not on time its factor.
Whatever relaxation i've been capable, as a central authority respectable, to commit to literary paintings, has no longer been spared in a conscientious endeavour to render the e-book priceless of its item. I humbly belief that my efforts haven't been altogether unsuccessful.
In the coaching of the current Grammar i've got availed myself of a number of works on Sinhalese Grammar, by way of either old and sleek authors. it's been written in a sort most sensible tailored to fit those who find themselves acquainted with ecu Grammars. because of the multiplicity of ex amples and factors, and the advent of a few topic now not possibly strictly appertaining to the province of a Grammar, yet prone to be of use, its scope has handed the limits initially meditated.
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Extra info for A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations
2 below) or Irish, among others. If true, this would be another argument in favor of a deletion approach to predicate ellipsis, similar to the type of pre-elliptical extraction shown in (13) above. 2 Root and epistemic modality in Thai The restrictions observed above have strong cross-linguistic support and occur in very similar form in other languages. 13 In Thai we find a number of modal head morphemes which occur as free forms and have epistemic and root interpretations with certain fluctuations somewhat similar to those found in English.
3 Towards an analysis From the observed restrictions we may derive two important conclusions: 1. Epistemic modals seem to merge in syntactic positions too high for direct involvement in the licensing of processes that typically require stressed modals occurring adjacent to empty syntactic positions, such as predicate ellipsis and VP-topicalization or scrambling; 2. We must assume that in the COMP layer both epistemic (or, as I would prefer to say, evidential) modals, namely, must and may, move to Rizzi’s Force P, where they a) take H.
Kiss 2006). The identificational and exhaustive interpretations of certain expressions in this position predictably follow by inference on the basis of this procedure and therefore need not be attributed to grammatically encoded semantic operators. On the basis of an in-depth comparison of the Hungarian FP and English itcleft constructions, it is shown that the itcleft encodes an identificational reading, while the Hungarian FP gives rise to an identificational reading following from the newly identified predicative procedure.
A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations by Abraham Mendis Gunasekara