By Franklin R. Hall, Julius J. Menn
In Biopesticides: Use and supply, Franklin corridor and Julius Menn collect for the 1st time all of the most up-to-date advances within the keep watch over with biopesticides of bugs, plant illnesses, and weeds. insurance extends from the technology and expertise of biofungicides, bioinsecticides, and bioherbicides to particular administration protocols. the various prime specialists writing right here assessment their mode of improvement, motion, construction, supply platforms (formulations), and destiny industry customers. moreover, specialists from either govt and speak about present registration necessities, together with the timeframe and prices of registration, and evaluate those with the registration requisites for traditional insecticides.
providing a definitive useful advisor to the advance, software, and use of biopesticides as a complimentary or substitute remedy to chemical insecticides, Biopesticides: Use and supply will function a modern day top and such a lot complete reference for scientists, practitioners, regulators, business planners, and retailers.
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Additional resources for Biopesticides: Use and Delivery
33. OECD (1996) Data requirements for registration of bropesttcrdes in OECD member countries survey results. Envnonment monograph No 106, OECD, Pans, France, p 12 1 34. Feng, M G , Poprawskt, T. J , and Khachatourians, G. G (1994) Productton, formulation and appltcatton of the entomopathogemc fungus Beauverla basslana for insect control. current status Bzocontrol Scl Technol 4,3-34 4 Developing Countries Balasubramanyan Sugavanam and Xie Tianjian 1. Introduction Blo- and botanical pesticides are often grouped together m developing countries as possible alternatives to chemical pesticides.
When applied to the water surface, the mosquito larvae filter out the Bti particles (together with other particulate organic matter), acquiring a toxic dose. Younger instars are more susceptible that older instars, and pupae and adults are not affected. Thorough, regular, and accurate scouting of the breeding site is therefore essential, to time the larvicide application correctly to target predominantly young instar stages. European countries have taken a number of different approaches to mosquito control and employ Bti products to varying degrees (Fig.
The problem faced by developers of brologrcal agents for control of disease are complex and drfficult. Crops are grown under a variety of chmattc and environmental conditions, and temperature, rainfall, sot1type, crop variety, and 2 Fmland, Sweden, Norway Adapted with permIssIon from ref. 33. (= Penzophora) glgantea Phlebropsrs Country for Biological Netherlands Sweden, France United Kingdom in Europe Vertlc&um dahliae Truzhoderma harzlanum Trrchoderma wnde Registered Finland, Hungary, Norway, Agents Streptomyces grzseovwzdzs Agent Table 1 Some Microbial Switzerland Control Target pathogen Fusarwm spp, Alternana, Pythlum, Botrytq and other so11 pathogens Agamst Dutch elm disease Sell-borne fungal diseases Antagonist to silverleaf fungus (Stereum purpureum) Fomes annosus of Plant Diseases Kemrra Agro Oy Kemu-a Agro Oy Gustafson Various Ecogen Ecogen Natural Plant Protectron (NW Various GlioMix Mycostop Kodiak Vanous AQlO Aspire Fusaclean Various Truzhoderma viride Supplier Control Kemrra Agro Oy Commercial name Sold in Europe for Biological Rotstop Products Phleblopsls (= Penrophora) gigantea Ghocladmm sp Streptomyces grrseovwldls Bacillus subtills Agrobacterlum radlobacter Ampelomyces quzsqualls Candida oleophda Fusarlum oxysporum FO 47 Product Table 2 Some Commercial Wood treatment Promotes plant growth, competes wrth soil microbes Fusarwm spp and other sod pathogens Soil pathogens Agrobacterium tumefaclens Powdery mildew Postharvest decay of citrus and apple Fusanum oxysporum, F momliforme Fomes annosus Target pathogen of Plant Pathogens 30 Butt, Hams, and Powell pathogen can change from farm to farm, or even within one field The producer of a crop protection product has to be able to give some assurance to the farmer that the product ~111 be robust, m order for the product to be used.
Biopesticides: Use and Delivery by Franklin R. Hall, Julius J. Menn