By Laura J. Downing
This e-book considers the interplay of morphological and phonological determinants of linguistic shape and the measure to which one determines the opposite. It considers the operation of canonical types, the invariant syllabic shapes of morphemes and the defining attribute of prosodic morphology. Dr Downing provides an unique idea which she exams on information from a wide selection of languages. Her booklet can be of imperative curiosity to students and complex scholars of phonology and morphology, and of linguistic conception extra generally.
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Additional info for Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology
The reduplicative string is unstressed. 24 In short, the Stem-Prosodic Word-Foot correlation formal23 The data in (21) is an optional variant form of reduplication for most of the verbs in (1). See Downing (1997, 1999c) for detailed discussion. 24 See Downing (1999b, 2000, 2001a, 2003) for detailed discussion of the arguments that the reduplicative Stem is not a Prosodic Word in Bantu languages. Introduction 29 ized in (19c, d) does not provide an explanation for the disyllabic size restriction on this reduplicative preWx, as Stems are not Prosodic Words.
Examples of problems found in extending the GTT approach outlined in (19) to other constructions are taken up in detail in the next chapter. 28 Introduction Downing (1997, 1999c, 1999d, 2000, 2001a, to appear b) shows that in several Bantu languages verb stems are required to be minimally disyllabic in some morphological constructions. For example, as we saw in (1), above, verb stem reduplicants are minimally disyllabic in Swati. Downing (1999d) argues that the disyllabicity requirement falls out if the reduplicative string is also a verb stem.
As the next section shows, determining how well the constant shapes of prosodic morphemes correlate with the canonical forms of particular morphological categories has become an important research topic. 4. Canonical form and prosodic morpheme shape Morphemes in many languages tend to have a ‘canonical form’ or ‘general phonemic shape’ (Hockett 1966a, Nida 1949). In Fijian, for example, lexical morphemes are generally two moras in size (none is shorter and few are longer), while most aYxes and function words are monomoraic (Hockett 1966a, Dixon 1988).
Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology by Laura J. Downing